Your feet carry you wherever you go. It provides a foundation to the rest of the body. You may not think about how important they are to your everyday life. You merely start to notice your feet once they begin to hurt. And once you feel the discomfort, you want relief immediately. Before you can treat the problem, you need to know what’s causing it. One thing to consider is the location of the pain.
- The plantar fascia is the connective tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. Irritation or inflammation of the plantar fascia is called plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis pain is most pronounced during the morning when you get out of bed. You can feel it in the arch or heel of the foot.
- Treatment: Heel pain, or plantar fasciitis, can be treated by resting overuse feet and doing foot stretches. It is also important to wear shoes that have cushioned soles and good arch support.
- Heel pain may also be due to heel spurs. These are the abnormal bony growths found at the bottom of the heel. You can have heel spurs by wearing the wrong shoes, an abnormal posture, or even from running. The spurs can be painful when you’re standing or walking. Many people have heel spurs, but the majority don’t have pain. Those with high arches or flat feet are likely to experience painful heel spurs.
- Treatment: Heel spurs can be treated using heel pads or shoe inserts. It also helps to wear well-fitting shoes that have shock-absorbing soles. Resting your foot and taking over-the-counter pain medications will also help.
- Heel pain can come from a stone bruise, which is a deep bruise of the fat pad of the ball of foot or the heel. It is often caused by an impact injury, but can also occur after you step on a hard object. When you have a stone bruise, it will feel like you’re walking on a pebble. The pain gradually goes away on its own.
- Treatment: If you have a stone bruise, you can rest your foot or apply ice to the area. You can also take over-the-counter pain medications.
- A heel fracture usually happens after a fall or car accident. It is typically a high-impact injury that causes your heel bone to break or shatter. Heel fractures can cause swelling, bruising, and difficulty walking.
- Treatment: You can treat a heel fracture by using heel pads and wearing a cast or splint to protect the heel bone. Also, don’t put any pressure on the affected heel. You can make use of crutches when walking. You can also ask your doctor for pain medications. In some cases, you may have to undergo surgery.
Ball of Foot Pain
- Metatarsalgia comes with ball of foot pain. It is usually caused by wearing poor-fitting footwear. But you can also get it from strenuous activities, like jumping or running. It is sometimes called a stone bruise.
- Treatment: You can treat a metatarsalgia by resting your foot and applying ice. It is also important to wear comfortable shoes and to use shoes inserts to relieve any pressure on the ball of foot. Taking pain relievers can also help.
- In Morton’s neuroma there is a thickening of the tissue that surrounds the nerves between the bases of the third and fourth toes. However, it can also occur to any of the toes. Pain, weird sensations, or numbness are typically felt over the ball of foot. Women are more likely to have it, which is usually due to wearing high-heeled or tight shoes.
- Treatment: Morton’s neuroma is treated by using shoe inserts to minimize pressure on the nerve and avoiding activities that put pressure on the nerve. It is also important to avoid high-heeled shoes; opt for shoes with big toe boxes instead. You can also take pain medications. In some cases, injections may be needed. Ask your doctor about injections or the need for surgery.
- Your sesamoids are the two bones near your big toe that are connected by tendons. When these tendons are injured and inflamed, you get sesamoiditis. It is a form of tendinitis, which is common among runners.
- Treatment: You can treat sesamoiditis by resting your feet and applying ice. Wear foot pads and comfortable shoes. You can also immobilize the joint and allow it to heal by taping the big toe. Steroid injections can be provided by your doctor.
- Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of arch pain. It can affect the arch, heel, or both. Treatment for plantar fasciitis is the same regardless of its location. If the plantar fasciitis is persistent, an injection may be needed.
- Fallen arches, also known as flat feet, occur when a foot’s arch flattens out while standing or walking. This causes arch pain and other problems. It can be treated by using shoe inserts and comfortable shoes. It is also important to rest and ice your feet. A walking cane or a brace may be needed to assist with walking. In other cases, surgery is required.
Knowing where the pain is coming from will make it easier to deal with the discomfort caused by different foot problems. Be more informed when it comes to your feet and know where to get pain relief when you need it.