You use your feet every day, which is why you should take good care of it. When a foot, ankle or toe starts to hurt, that’s when you actually notice your feet and realize how important they are. Toe pain is very common but people don’t necessarily know what’s causing the discomfort. We’ve made a list of the most common reasons for toe pain and how you can reduce the discomfort.
Gout is a type of arthritis that causes toe pain. Crystals accumulate in your toe joints, causing swelling and severe pain. This kind of arthritis usually affects the big toe.
Treat a gout by resting your feet and applying ice to the area. It is also important to avoid food that can worsen your condition. Also, you need to see your doctor so you can get a prescription for your needed medications, such as colchicine and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
A bunion is a bony bulge found at the base of the big toe. The bulge is associated with the misalignment of the big toe joint. Anybody can have a bunion, especially those who love wearing tight or uncomfortable shoes. It often appears as a person ages. Those who have bunions usually have hammertoes as well. If you have a bunion, change to more comfortable footwear or make use of shoe inserts.
A hammer toe is when the middle joint of the second, third, or fourth toe bends, making it appear like a hammer. It can be due to a muscle imbalance, but it can also be caused by wearing poor-fitting shoes.If you have a hammertoe, you will be most likely advised to wear big toe box shoes with a deep toe bed. Exercises may also be recommended to stretch the muscles of the toe.
A claw toe bends up or down and could not be straightened. It is often due to damage from diseases that weaken your foot muscles. If you do not use special footwear to accommodate a claw toe, it may get irritated and develop calluses. You can treat a claw toe by changing your footwear and using shoe inserts; avoid tight and high-heeled shoes. It also helps to stretch your toes and toe joints.
An ingrown toenail is when the skin on the sides of a toenail grows over the nail. An ingrown toenail can be painful and may result in infections. Ingrown toenails are very common and can be treated by soaking the foot in warm water four times daily. Put a piece of gauze between the wet skin and the nail once every day. If these don’t work, you’ll have to see your doctor.
A toe sprain may occur when you jam your toe, causing damage to the toe’s soft tissues. If there is no fracture, the pain and swelling that comes with a toe sprain should disappear within a few days.
A toe fracture is a broken bone that can occur to any of the bones of the toes. A minor fracture can be treated with rest, ice, and some pain relievers. However, if the fracture is serious, surgery may be needed. It is best to see a doctor to have your fracture checked.
Hallux rigidus, or a stiff big toe, is a kind of arthritis of the big toe. It causes pain and worsening stiffness of the joint. Hallux rigidus is treated by taking pain relievers and performing stretching exercises. In some cases, surgery may be required.
Corns appear like horns and are the thick buildup of tough skin on an area where there is pressure or irritation on the toe or foot. Calluses are wide areas of tough skin that build up on the feet or toes. They occur due to pressure or irritation. Corns and calluses are normally caused by using poor-fitting shoes. >>>You can treat corns and calluses by wearing comfortable footwear and soaking the foot and making use of a pumice stone to remove extra skin.
Pain on Other Parts of the Foot
Apart from toe pain, a lot of people also suffer from pain on the outer edge of the foot. It is common for the fifth metatarsal bone to break. Pain, bruising, and swelling along the outer edge of the foot is common after an injury. If you think you have a broken bone, see your doctor and have an X-ray.
Pain on the outer edge of the foot can be treated by taking pain medications, resting the foot, and elevating it. It also helps to ice the foot and to not walk on it. In some cases, a cast may be needed. You also need to speak to a doctor to see if surgery is needed.
Tendinitis also causes pain along the surface of the foot. The condition is caused by the irritation and inflammation of the tendons, which are the bands that attach the muscles to the bones. Tendinitis can cause foot pain in many locations. Deal with tendinitis by resting your foot and taking pain medications. Tendinitis does not usually require surgery.
Now that you are aware of the different foot problems, you should be able to identify what’s causing your discomfort and how you can relieve it. If the pain is severe or you are not able to determine what’s causing the pain, it is best that you see a doctor right away.